Dr Boulis and his lab have received funding and support from the JT Walk throughout the years. This organization has created more opportunity to hire and fund critical science. The Gene and Cell Therapy for Neurorestoration Laboratory pursues advanced biological treatments for neurological disorders, including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) and Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). Within the laboratory, genes for neural growth factors and anti-apoptotic intracellular proteins are inserted into the DNA of genetically engineered viruses. These viruses, which have been rendered safe through the removal of their native genes, can be used to transfer therapeutic genes into diseased tissue. A variety of vectors are currently being tested in both neuronal cell cultures and in animal models for motor neuron disease. The lab also focuses on the development of tissue-specific targeting strategies. These approaches are designed to deliver molecular therapeutics to an anatomically defined site of interest. Much of this effort has concentrated on motor neuron-specific gene delivery. In addition, lab director, Nicholas Boulis, MD, has focused on the development of techniques for safe and accurate injection of stem cells into the human spinal cord.